Main / Glossary / The Adjusted Trial Balance is Prepared

The Adjusted Trial Balance is Prepared

The Adjusted Trial Balance is a crucial step in the accounting process that brings together the balances of all general ledger accounts after adjusting entries have been made. It is prepared to ensure the accuracy of the financial statements and serves as a reliable basis for generating important financial reports.


The Adjusted Trial Balance acts as a bridge between the Trial Balance and the preparation of financial statements, providing valuable insights into an organization’s financial position. This essential document takes into account the adjustments made to various accounts during the accounting period, including accruals, deferrals, depreciation, and other adjustments necessary to reflect the true financial position of the company.


The principal purpose of preparing the Adjusted Trial Balance is to ensure that all adjusting entries have been correctly recorded and incorporated into the accounting system. By listing the balances of all accounts, including those adjusted, this document allows accountants and auditors to verify the accuracy of the financial reporting process. The Adjusted Trial Balance forms the foundation for preparing the statement of comprehensive income, the statement of financial position, and other financial reports.


Preparing the Adjusted Trial Balance follows a systematic approach that involves several key steps. Initially, all general ledger accounts, including revenue, expense, asset, liability, and equity accounts, are listed. The balances of these accounts are collected from the adjusted trial balances of subsidiary ledgers or directly from the general ledger. Next, the adjusting entries made during the accounting period, such as those for accrued revenue or prepaid expenses, are applied to the respective accounts. The adjusted balances are then transferred to the Adjusted Trial Balance.

Balancing and Verification:

The Adjusted Trial Balance must be meticulously balanced before proceeding to the next steps of financial statement preparation. This balancing act ensures that total debits match total credits and substantiates the integrity of the accounting records. Any discrepancies revealed during this process demand careful investigation and correction before finalizing the financial statements.


Although the Adjusted Trial Balance is a crucial document in the accounting process, it has its limitations. It primarily reflects the accuracy of adjusting entries but may not guarantee the correctness of the underlying transactions or the overall validity of the financial statements. Therefore, additional auditing procedures and checks are imperative to validate the integrity of the financial statements.


The preparation of the Adjusted Trial Balance serves as a significant step in the accounting process, culminating in the production of accurate and reliable financial statements. It ensures that all adjustments made during the accounting period are appropriately captured, providing a clearer picture of a company’s financial position and performance. By balancing the debits and credits and verifying the adjusted balances, accountants can help guarantee the accuracy and transparency of financial reporting, enabling informed decision-making and fostering investor confidence in an organization.