Tax Form 2106

Tax Form 2106, also known as the Employee Business Expenses form, is a document used by employees who have unreimbursed job-related expenses. It is filed as an attachment to a taxpayer’s individual income tax return, Form 1040, or Form 1040-SR.


Tax Form 2106 is a key tool utilized by individuals to claim deductions for expenses incurred while performing their job duties. The form is specifically tailored for employees who are required to shoulder job-related costs out of their own pockets, which are not reimbursed by their employers. By providing a comprehensive breakdown of these expenses, employees can potentially reduce their taxable income, thus lowering their overall tax liability.

Instructions and Filing Requirements:

When using Tax Form 2106, it is crucial to carefully follow the provided instructions to ensure accurate reporting and prevent any potential issues during the tax filing process. The key steps involved in completing the form include:

  1. Gathering necessary documentation: To properly report expenses, individuals must maintain a detailed record of each expenditure incurred for business purposes. This may include receipts, invoices, mileage logs, and other supporting documents. Organizing and categorizing these documents is vital for an efficient filing process.
  2. Completing the form: Tax Form 2106 consists of several sections, each focusing on different aspects of job-related expenses. These sections include:

a) Identification: Personal information, such as name, Social Security number, and employer details, are to be provided to properly identify the taxpayer.

b) Employee Business Expenses: In this section, taxpayers need to report the total expenses incurred during the tax year. This includes expenses related to transportation, meals and entertainment, travel, and other necessary business costs. Certain limitations and criteria may apply to specific types of expenses. It is crucial to refer to the instructions for precise guidelines.

c) Vehicle Expenses: If individuals claim vehicle-related expenses, such as mileage, in this section they must provide detailed information regarding the business use of the vehicle. This includes recording the total mileage, commuting expenses, and additional details about the types of expenses claimed.

d) Reimbursements: Taxpayers must report any reimbursements received from their employers for the expenses claimed in the previous sections.

3. Submitting the form: After accurately completing Tax Form 2106, individuals must attach it to their individual income tax return (Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR) in order to claim the deductions for employee business expenses. The completed forms, along with any supporting documentation, should be submitted to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by the designated tax filing deadline, typically April 15th.

Importance and Benefits:

Tax Form 2106 provides employees an opportunity to offset the financial burden of job-related expenses and potentially lower their overall tax liability. By diligently tracking and documenting these expenses throughout the tax year, individuals can ensure proper reporting, remain compliant with tax regulations, and minimize their taxable income.

It is important to note that while Tax Form 2106 allows eligible individuals to claim deductions for employee business expenses, certain requirements and limitations apply. Therefore, it is advised to consult with a qualified tax professional or utilize tax software to ensure accurate reporting and maximize the benefits associated with this form.

Overall, Tax Form 2106 serves as an essential tool for individuals seeking to optimize their tax situation by deducting legitimate, unreimbursed business-related expenses. Its proper completion and attachment to the tax return provide taxpayers with a means of reducing their overall tax burden and potentially obtaining financial relief.

This glossary is made for freelancers and owners of small businesses. If you are looking for exact definitions you can find them in accounting textbooks.

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