Main / Glossary / Stratification


Stratification, in the realm of finance and accounting, refers to the process of categorizing and organizing data or entities based on specific criteria into distinct layers or groups. This methodology allows for a more detailed analysis of the data by providing a structured framework for comparison and evaluation.


Stratification serves as a powerful tool in various financial disciplines, including billing, accounting, corporate finance, business finance, bookkeeping, and invoicing. By dividing data into meaningful segments, stratification enables financial professionals to better understand the underlying patterns, trends, and characteristics within a dataset, thereby gaining valuable insights for decision-making and driving optimal outcomes.

In the billing and invoicing domain, stratification helps businesses effectively manage their revenue stream by classifying customers based on their payment patterns, creditworthiness, and outstanding debt. By stratifying customers into different categories such as high-risk, moderate-risk, and low-risk, companies can allocate resources more efficiently, set appropriate credit limits, and implement tailored collection strategies.

Within accounting, stratification allows for the segregation of financial transactions based on specific attributes such as type of expense, revenue source, or geographical location. This enables organizations to analyze and compare financial performance across different segments of their business, identify areas for improvement, and make informed decisions regarding resource allocation, cost control, and strategic planning.

In the field of corporate finance, stratification plays a crucial role in portfolio management and investment analysis. By stratifying investments into different asset classes, sectors, or risk levels, financial professionals can assess the performance and diversification of a portfolio, measure risk exposure, and determine suitable investment strategies aligned with the desired risk-return profile.

Moreover, stratification is equally valuable in business finance, as it allows organizations to segment their customer base according to factors such as industry, geographic location, or purchasing behavior. This enables targeted marketing campaigns, customer relationship management, and the development of customized financial solutions tailored to specific customer segments.

Within the realm of bookkeeping, stratification aids in the organization and reconciliation of financial records, ensuring accuracy and compliance with accounting standards. By categorizing transactions into distinct groups such as revenue, expenses, assets, and liabilities, bookkeepers can generate reliable financial statements, identify potential errors or discrepancies, and facilitate the auditing process.

Overall, stratification serves as a fundamental concept across various financial disciplines, offering a structured approach to data analysis, decision-making, and financial management. By embracing stratification techniques, financial professionals can harness the power of categorization to unlock valuable insights, drive efficiency, and enhance overall financial performance.

Synonyms: categorization, segmentation, classification, grouping

Antonyms: unstratified, undifferentiated

Related Terms: billings, accounting, corporate finance, business finance, bookkeeping, invoicing


  1. The finance team utilized stratification techniques to analyze revenue patterns across different customer segments.
  2. By stratifying investment portfolios based on risk tolerance, investors can optimize their asset allocation strategies.
  3. Effective stratification of expenses allowed the company to identify cost-saving opportunities and improve profitability.
  4. Bookkeepers rely on stratification principles to organize financial transactions and ensure accurate reporting.

Notes: Stratification can be achieved through various methods such as demographic criteria, financial attributes, geographic location, or any other relevant factors depending on the specific context of the analysis. The key is to establish meaningful and homogeneous groups that facilitate meaningful comparisons and analysis.