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Strategic Cost Management

Strategic Cost Management is a management approach that focuses on the systematic analysis and control of costs to enhance a company’s competitiveness and profitability. It involves the identification, measurement, and management of costs across different business functions with the aim of optimizing resource allocation and improving overall performance. Strategic Cost Management encompasses various techniques and tools to strategically analyze costs, including cost drivers, cost-volume-profit analysis, activity-based costing, and target costing.


Strategic Cost Management is a crucial aspect of financial management, particularly in the realm of corporate finance, business finance, and accounting. It helps organizations make informed decisions about resource utilization, pricing strategies, and product profitability. By understanding and managing cost structures effectively, companies can gain a competitive advantage and achieve sustainable growth in an increasingly competitive business environment.

Strategic Cost Management involves a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of costs, including fixed costs, variable costs, and semi-variable costs. It requires a strategic mindset and a systematic approach to cost analysis. Companies need to identify the key cost drivers that impact their operations and tailor their cost management strategies accordingly. It is important to differentiate between value-added and non-value-added costs to eliminate or minimize activities that do not contribute to the creation of value for customers.

One of the key tools used in Strategic Cost Management is cost-volume-profit (CVP) analysis. This technique helps organizations understand the relationship between costs, volume, and profitability. By examining the interplay between sales volume, fixed costs, variable costs, and selling prices, companies can make informed decisions about pricing, production levels, and cost structures to achieve desired profit levels.

Another method used in Strategic Cost Management is activity-based costing (ABC). ABC aims to allocate costs accurately by identifying cost drivers at the activity level. By linking costs to specific activities, organizations gain a deeper understanding of the true costs associated with their products or services. This enables better decision-making, such as determining pricing for various customer segments, optimizing product mix, and identifying opportunities for cost reduction.

Target costing is also an important practice within Strategic Cost Management. It involves setting a target cost for a product or service and then designing the product or service in such a way that it can be produced within that cost constraint. By considering cost implications early in the product development or service delivery process, organizations can achieve desired profit margins while meeting customer expectations.

In summary, Strategic Cost Management is a proactive approach to cost control and optimization. It goes beyond traditional cost accounting methods by incorporating strategic thinking and analysis. By understanding and managing costs strategically, companies can enhance their competitiveness, improve profitability, and achieve sustainable growth. Strategic Cost Management is an essential tool for financial professionals and business leaders who seek to make informed decisions based on accurate cost information.