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Static Budget Variance

Static Budget Variance refers to the deviation between the planned static budget and the actual outcome of a financial period or project. It measures the difference in monetary terms between the expected revenue, expenses, or other financial factors outlined in the original budget and the actual results achieved.


In financial management and budgeting, a static budget serves as a benchmark for comparing the planned financial performance of an organization with its actual performance. The goal is to identify variances, or deviations, between the budgeted amounts and the actual figures. Static Budget Variance is a crucial metric used to assess the effectiveness of the budgeting process and to uncover the reasons behind any discrepancies encountered.

Calculating the static budget variance involves comparing each line item of the static budget with its corresponding actual value. Positive variances occur when the actual values surpass what was budgeted, while negative variances indicate that the actual figures fall short of the budgeted amounts. By analyzing these variances, organizations can gain insights into their financial strengths and weaknesses and make informed decisions regarding future budget allocation.

Static Budget Variance aids in pinpointing areas where the financial plan either overestimated or underestimated the actual figures. This information enables management to assess the accuracy of their initial predictions, adjust future budgets to reflect more accurate estimations, and make informed financial decisions. By identifying the reasons for variances, financial managers can take proactive measures to mitigate risks, optimize resources, and improve overall financial performance.


To illustrate the concept of Static Budget Variance, let’s consider a hypothetical company, ABC Enterprises, which manufactures and sells consumer electronics. At the beginning of the fiscal year, ABC Enterprises formulated a static budget projecting $10 million in revenue, $7 million in expenses, and an overall profit of $3 million. However, by the end of the year, the actual figures reveal $9.5 million in revenue, $6.5 million in expenses, and a profit of $3 million.

In this scenario, the static budget variance for revenue would be -$0.5 million, indicating a negative variance, since actual revenue fell short of the budgeted amount. Conversely, the variance for expenses would be $0.5 million, representing a positive variance, as actual expenses were lower than budgeted. The variance for profit would be $0, as the actual profit matches the budgeted profit.

The management team of ABC Enterprises would then conduct a thorough analysis of these variances to determine the underlying factors responsible for the deviations. They might discover that sales volume was lower than anticipated, leading to the revenue variance. Additionally, diligent cost-cutting measures resulted in lower expenses than forecasted, explaining the positive variance in that category. Based on these findings, ABC Enterprises could refine their budgeting process for the following year, adjusting revenue and expense estimates accordingly to enhance future accuracy.

Static Budget Variance is a valuable tool for organizations across various industries, enabling them to evaluate their financial performance objectively and make data-driven decisions to improve their profitability and sustainability.


– Budget Variance

– Fixed Budget Variance

– Variance Analysis.