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Example of Sole Proprietorship

Sole Proprietorship, also known as a sole trader or a sole proprietor, is a form of business organization where an individual owns and operates a business on their own. In this type of business structure, there is no legal distinction between the business and the owner. The sole proprietor is solely responsible for the liabilities of the business and entitled to all profits.

The sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common form of business entity in the United States. It requires minimal legal formalities, making it an attractive option for small-scale businesses and self-employed individuals. Here, we present an example of a sole proprietorship to provide a clear understanding of its operation and features.

Example of Sole Proprietorship:

John Smith, an experienced graphic designer, decides to start his own freelance design business. After conducting market research and developing a business plan, he formally establishes his sole proprietorship, ‘Smith Designs.’

John registers his business with the appropriate government agencies and obtains all necessary licenses and permits required by law. He also applies for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to separate his business income from personal income for tax purposes.

As a sole proprietor, John is responsible for all aspects of his business. He purchases the necessary equipment and software, creates a portfolio of his previous work, and develops a professional website to promote his services. He also sets up a separate business bank account to keep his personal and business finances separate.

In terms of financing, John predominantly relies on his personal savings to fund initial expenses. He does not have partners or shareholders to contribute to the capital. However, he may opt to obtain a small business loan or a line of credit from a financial institution if he needs additional funds in the future.

John is solely responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of his business. He fulfills client requests, negotiates contracts, and determines pricing for his services. He also handles all bookkeeping and accounting tasks, such as invoicing clients, tracking expenses, and preparing tax returns.

As a sole proprietor, John is personally liable for any debts or legal disputes that may arise in the course of his business. This means that his personal assets, such as his home or personal savings, are at risk if his business faces financial difficulties or is sued. However, John has the flexibility to make decisions independently, allowing him to quickly adapt to market changes and client demands.

In summary, this example of a sole proprietorship illustrates the key characteristics and responsibilities of this business structure. It demonstrates how an individual can pursue their entrepreneurial aspirations by establishing and managing a business on their own, taking full control over its operation and assuming both the risks and rewards associated with it.