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Check vs Cheque

Check and cheque are two different spellings for the same concept: a written, unconditional order to a bank to pay a specified sum of money from a depositor’s account to a named person or entity. While both terms refer to a financial instrument used for transferring funds, the choice of spelling differs based on regional variations. In American English, the term check is used, whereas British English predominantly utilizes the spelling cheque. These variations in spelling do not affect the fundamental nature and purpose of the instrument, which is internationally recognized and widely used by financial institutions across the globe.


The usage of the terms check and cheque primarily depends on the geographical context in which they are employed. In the United States and other American English-speaking countries, including Canada, the term check is the preferred spelling. For instance, an American individual or business would typically write check when referring to a written order used for making payments from a bank account. On the other hand, in most parts of Europe, the United Kingdom, and other regions that follow British English conventions, the term cheque is commonly used instead.


Check and cheque share certain common features regardless of the spelling used. Firstly, both refer to a paper document that authorizes the transfer of funds, and secondly, they are primarily used for payment purposes. The key characteristics are as follows:

  1. Payee: The payee of a check or cheque is the individual or entity who receives the payment. The payee’s name is typically written on the document.
  2. Amount: The amount of money to be paid is denoted numerically on the check or cheque. This amount can be written in words as well, functioning as a safeguard against potential alterations.
  3. Drawer: The drawer is the person or business whose bank account will be debited to fulfill the payment.
  4. Signature: To be valid, both checks and cheques must be signed by the individual authorized to withdraw funds from the account. The signature serves as an authentication mechanism.
  5. Bank Information: Checks and cheques contain information about the bank on which they are drawn, including the institution’s name, its routing number, and the account number against which the payment will be made.

International Differences:

Aside from the spelling disparity, there are some procedural differences related to checks and cheques across various countries. For example, in the United States, checks frequently require a designated endorsement on the back to make them negotiable, whereas cheques in the United Kingdom usually do not necessitate such endorsements. Additionally, American checks have a memo line that allows the drawer to specify the purpose of payment, whereas British cheques do not generally include this feature.

Furthermore, the underlying banking systems may vary in terms of processing times and associated fees. It is advisable for individuals or businesses operating across borders to consult their respective financial institutions for specific guidance on these discrepancies.


While they may have different spellings, check and cheque are interchangeable terms that signify the same financial instrument used for making payments. The choice of spelling depends on regional linguistic conventions, with American English employing check and British English using cheque. Regardless of the spelling, the fundamental attributes and purposes of these instruments remain consistent, facilitating secure and efficient financial transactions worldwide.