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Check Start Number

The check start number refers to the sequential starting number assigned to a series of checks or cheques within an accounting system. It is used to track and monitor the issuance and usage of checks, providing a reference point for both bookkeeping and auditing purposes.


In business finance and accounting, the check start number acts as a unique identifier for a range of checks, typically associated with a specific bank account. When a company or individual opens a new checking account, the bank assigns a starting number to the checks to be used against that account. This numeric sequence is essential for maintaining order and ensuring that each check is accounted for accurately.

The check start number is printed on each check in the series, usually positioned in the top right-hand corner or near the account holder’s name. It serves as a reference point for both the payer and the payee. Additionally, the check start number is recorded within the company’s financial records, aiding in tracking and reconciling transactions.


The use of a check start number is crucial for maintaining strict control over the issuance and tracking of checks. By assigning a unique starting number, companies can easily identify and reconcile individual transactions, reducing the risk of duplications and errors. Moreover, the check start number allows businesses to monitor the chronological order of check issuance, enabling effective record-keeping and facilitating bank reconciliations.

Tracking Expenses:

In addition to facilitating financial tracking, the check start number aids in expense tracking and categorization for businesses. Each check, along with its corresponding check start number, can be associated with a specific expense category, department, or project. This level of detail allows for efficient budgeting and expense management, enabling businesses to accurately monitor and allocate their financial resources.

Auditing and Compliance:

The check start number plays a vital role in auditing and maintaining compliance with financial regulations. By correlating check numbers with accounting records, auditors can verify the accuracy of financial statements and ensure the absence of fraudulent activities. Furthermore, regulatory authorities may require businesses to maintain a comprehensive record of check issuance, including the corresponding check start numbers, as part of their compliance obligations.

Bookkeeping and Reconciliation:

For bookkeeping purposes, the check start number serves as a useful tool in reconciling bank statements with internal financial records. By comparing the sequential order of check numbers used with the bank’s statement, discrepancies can be identified and resolved. This process helps ensure that all checks are properly recorded and accounted for, while also minimizing the risk of unauthorized expenses or fraudulent activities going unnoticed.


In summary, the check start number is an essential element within financial systems and processes. By providing a unique identification for a series of checks, it ensures accurate tracking, efficient record-keeping, and effective financial management. In addition to its role in bookkeeping and bank reconciliations, the check start number contributes to auditing and compliance requirements, enhancing the overall accountability and transparency of financial operations.