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Cash Flow Statement Direct Method Example

The cash flow statement direct method is an accounting tool utilized by businesses to track and analyze the flow of cash within their operations. This financial statement provides a comprehensive overview of the cash inflows and outflows during a specified period, thereby offering insights into the company’s liquidity, solvency, and overall financial health.

The direct method, one of the two approaches commonly employed to prepare a cash flow statement, presents cash receipts and payments directly from the primary operating activities. It begins with the operating activities section, which reports the cash received from customers and cash paid to suppliers, employees, and other operating expenses. The direct method excludes non-cash transactions, such as depreciation and changes in working capital accounts, from the operating activities section.

To help illustrate the application of the cash flow statement direct method, consider the following example:

ABC Corporation, a manufacturing company, is preparing its cash flow statement for the year ended December 31, 20XX. Here is an example of the cash flow statement direct method for ABC Corporation:

Cash Flow from Operating Activities:

Cash received from customers: $500,000

Cash paid to suppliers: $250,000

Cash paid to employees: $100,000

Cash paid for operating expenses: $50,000

Net cash provided by operating activities: $100,000

Cash Flow from Investing Activities:

Cash received from sale of equipment: $10,000

Cash paid for purchase of new equipment: ($20,000)

Net cash used in investing activities: ($10,000)

Cash Flow from Financing Activities:

Cash received from issuance of common stock: $50,000

Cash paid for repayment of long-term debt: ($30,000)

Cash paid as dividends: ($20,000)

Net cash provided by financing activities: $0

Net increase in cash: $90,000

Cash at beginning of the year: $50,000

Cash at end of the year: $140,000

In this example, ABC Corporation generated a positive net cash flow from operating activities of $100,000. It indicates that the company generated more cash inflows from its core operations than it had cash outflows for its operating activities. This is a favorable sign, suggesting that ABC Corporation’s business operations are robust and generating sufficient cash to cover expenses.

Additionally, the cash flow statement demonstrates that ABC Corporation invested $10,000 in purchasing new equipment while raising $50,000 through the issuance of common stock. The company also repaid $30,000 of long-term debt and distributed $20,000 in dividends to shareholders. As a result, ABC Corporation experienced a net increase in cash of $90,000 for the year, ending with a cash balance of $140,000.

In conclusion, the cash flow statement direct method example above illuminates how businesses can employ this financial statement to evaluate their cash flow patterns accurately. By analyzing the cash inflows and outflows from operating, investing, and financing activities, companies can assess their ability to meet financial obligations, make strategic investment decisions, and maintain liquidity. The cash flow statement direct method enables businesses to gain insights into their financial performance and aids in the identification of areas where improvements can be made to optimize cash management practices.