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Tax Form 706

Tax Form 706, also known as the United States Estate (and Generation-Skipping Transfer) Tax Return, is a document filed with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by the executor of an estate, when an individual passes away and their estate exceeds a certain threshold value.


As a legal requirement, Tax Form 706 serves to determine the federal estate tax liability for estates subject to taxation. This comprehensive form allows the IRS to assess the value of an individual’s estate and apply appropriate taxes while accounting for any transfers to future generations. With the completion of Tax Form 706, estate executors ensure compliance with tax regulations and guarantee accurate inheritance tax calculations.

Key Components:

The Tax Form 706 consists of several sections and schedules that should be properly completed for its successful submission.

  1. Identification: This section requires basic information about the decedent, such as name, date of birth, and social security number. It also captures the details of the estate executor and the date of the individual’s passing.
  2. Gross Estate Determination: In this section, the executor must calculate the total gross estate, including real estate, cash, investments, business interests, personal belongings, and any other assets owned by the decedent at the time of death. Accurate valuation is crucial to ensure the correct assessment of estate tax liability.
  3. Adjustments and Deductions: Executors can make certain adjustments, such as funeral expenses, outstanding debts, and administration costs, which can decrease the overall taxable estate. Deductions, like charitable contributions and qualified marital deductions, can also be claimed to reduce the taxable amount.
  4. Tax Computation: Once the gross estate and allowable deductions are determined, this section involves the calculation of the tentative tax liability on the estate. An intricate formula, incorporating various tax rates and exemptions, provides the net estate tax due.
  5. Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax: Tax Form 706 includes provisions for assessing generation-skipping transfers (GST). This tax applies when assets are transferred to beneficiaries more than one generation below the decedent, such as grandchildren. Accurate reporting of these transfers ensures compliance with GST tax regulations.
  6. Payment and Signature: The final section requires the executor’s signature, verifying the accuracy of the information provided. Executors are also required to submit any tax payments owed to the IRS with the completed form.


Tax Form 706 plays a vital role in the proper administration of an estate, ensuring compliance with federal estate tax laws. By providing complete and accurate information, executors enable the fair assessment of taxes owed, safeguarding the interests of both the estate and its beneficiaries.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

Filing Tax Form 706 can be complex, and errors may result in penalties or delays. Here are some common mistakes to avoid:

  1. Incorrect Valuation: It is crucial to accurately value all assets and liabilities to avoid potential discrepancies and under or over-reporting.
  2. Missed Deductions: Executors should thoroughly investigate all potential deductions to maximize tax savings. Failure to claim eligible deductions can lead to unnecessary tax burdens.
  3. Inadequate Documentation: It is essential to maintain proper documentation for all estate transactions, asset valuations, and any claimed deductions in case of an IRS audit.
  4. Late or Incomplete Filing: Executors must adhere to the specified filing deadlines and ensure all required schedules and supporting documentation are included to prevent unnecessary penalties.


Tax Form 706 is a critical document in the estate administration process. Executors must prepare and file this return to comply with federal estate tax regulations accurately. By carefully completing Tax Form 706, estate executors fulfill their obligations while ensuring the smooth settlement of the estate and the well-being of its beneficiaries.