Invoices Factoring

In the realm of finance and accounting, numerous tools and techniques have been designed to facilitate the smooth operation of businesses. One such practice that has gained significant traction and is widely utilized is invoices factoring. This method involves the sale of accounts receivable to a specialized financial institution called a factor, enabling businesses to obtain ready cash without delay. By leveraging this financial strategy, companies can improve their cash flow, enhance working capital, and streamline their financial operations efficiently.


At its core, invoices factoring refers to the process of selling outstanding invoices to a factor at a discounted rate. In this context, an invoice embodies a document issued by a seller to a buyer, laying out the details of goods or services provided, along with the amount owed. Often, businesses face a common challenge: waiting for extended periods to receive payment from their customers. This can constrain cash flow, hamper operational efficiency, and hinder growth prospects.

To overcome these obstacles, companies can engage in invoices factoring. This process allows businesses to transfer their unpaid invoices to a factor, who assumes the responsibility of collecting payment directly from the customers. By doing so, the company immediately receives a substantial percentage of the invoice value, typically ranging from 70% to 90%. The remaining portion is held by the factor as a safeguard until the customer fulfills their payment obligations.

Factors are financial institutions specializing in this unique service, offering a range of benefits to businesses seeking immediate access to liquidity. These institutions evaluate the creditworthiness of the customers as well as the quality of the invoices presented by the business. The decision to approve factoring is primarily based on the creditworthiness of the customers rather than the financial standing of the business itself. Therefore, businesses struggling to secure traditional funding avenues due to limited credit history or poor credit ratings may still qualify for invoices factoring.


Invoices factoring provides numerous advantages to businesses looking to proactively manage their finances. Firstly, it helps enhance cash flow, allowing companies to address pressing financial obligations, such as paying suppliers, employees, and other operational expenses. The immediate access to capital enables businesses to seize potential growth opportunities, invest in new products or services, and expand their operations.

Secondly, invoices factoring provides a shield against bad debts. By transferring the risk of non-payment to the factor, businesses mitigate the negative impact of potential defaults, ensuring a more stable financial position. This is particularly beneficial for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), as they are often more vulnerable to late or non-payments that can have a substantial impact on their financial well-being.

Additionally, engaging in invoices factoring can alleviate the administrative burden associated with accounts receivable management. Businesses can offload the responsibility of collecting payments, issuing reminders, and reconciling invoices to the factor, freeing up valuable time and resources to focus on core competencies.


Invoices factoring has emerged as a crucial financial tool for businesses seeking to optimize their cash flow and streamline their financial operations. By collaborating with a factor, companies can convert their unpaid invoices into immediate cash, facilitating growth, improving working capital, and minimizing the risks associated with delayed or non-payments. As this practice continues to gain popularity in the intricate world of finance and accounting, understanding the nuances of invoices factoring becomes imperative for businesses aiming to achieve financial success and sustainability.

This glossary is made for freelancers and owners of small businesses. If you are looking for exact definitions you can find them in accounting textbooks.

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